Megiddo is one of the most important archaeological sites in all of Israel. There is another more disturbing association: Megiddo is known as the site of the predicted disaster-scenario known as Armageddon.

The archaeological site was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2005. Near the town of Afula, it is approximately 25 miles (40 kilometers) southwest of the of the southern tip of the Sea of Galilee, on what was once called the “Via Maris” (“Way of the Sea” in Latin). This was a route that connected ancient Egypt with Mesopotamia. At the modern site there is the excavation of a well and tunnel system.

History unfolds step by step as one descends by ladder, and the site reveals the remains of several civilizations. These water-works include a 25-meter (82-foot) shaft and a 70-meter (230-foot) tunnel. Some suspect that the well made famous as “Makor” (source) in the 1962 novel “The Source” by James Michener is the tunnel at Megiddo. It may well be. With regard to the Armageddon scenario, Megiddo was, indeed, the scene of many a battle, the first recorded being with chariots and took place between the Pharaoh Tuthmosis III, builder of the temple at Karnak and the Hyksos. More optimistic and civil achievements have been attributed to Megiddo, such as Solomon’s mark of architecture, though mostly, the location is noted for conquering and being conquered. Deborah overtook the Canaanites by the waters of Megiddo, and the plain saw battles of the Romans, Crusaders, Mongols and many others.
As a matter of fact, the Jezreel plain over which the Mt. Megiddo gazes may be one of the most frequently and strongly contested pieces of land in history!

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